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This is the deprecated version of Git that includes the instructions for using Redmine.


The primary source code management system for the Mu2e Offline software is a git repository. Git is a popular open-source software version control system. Currently there are two primary repositories being maintained in parallel, one hosted on the Fermilab Redmine site, and one hosted on the commercial git hosting site github. Redmine is a software project management system which contains, for each project, a log, a wiki (which may contain useful info), and possibly gantt charts and bug tracking along with the git respositories. GitHub, in addition to hosting git repositories, allows the creation and documentation of issues, code comments, and pull requests.

Based on the git repository's url, you can check out code, and, if you are a code developer, check in modifications. Git also has capabilities for tagging code, tracking history and supports splitting off and merging development branches, among many other features.

Depending on your experience or needs, please also see the basic code recipe. You can continue with the quick start on this page or the expanded git introduction page. See the references for more details on Redmine and git. There is a page for troubleshooting redmine git ssh connections.

Some older parts of Mu2e software is managed using other source code management systems. Some code, both critical and specialized, is in other, smaller repositories. See Repositories below for more details on repositories.

Quick Start

Please also see the basic code recipe for an introduction to setting up the environment, checking out code and building.

If you are going to commit anything, you must understand and follow the mu2e commit instructions

If this is the first time you are using git in the mu2e environment, please follow the few steps listed in order to set up your preferences in ~.gitconfig.

A more detailed introduction to all mu2e repositories is here and our introduction to git is here.

  • checkout the main repository
    • readonly:
      git clone
    • with kerberos authentication for committing code
      git clone ssh://
  • checkout the head to a local working branch, here named "work" (recommended)
git checkout -b work
  • see the history of a file
git log fileSpec
  • list tags
git tag -l
  • checkout a tag or branch or commit hash into the working area. Use this to switch between branches, it will NOT overwrite your work.
git checkout tagOrBranchNameorHash 
  • update the local repository to the origin repository (Redmine)
git fetch
  • update the local repository to changes staged in the working area (does not affect the origin repository)
git commit -m"'Your descriptive message'"
  • update the origin repository (Redmine) to changes in your local repository
git push
  • update the local repository to the origin repository (REDMINE)
git fetch
  • update the working area to the local repository
git merge
  • update the local repository and update the working area both together
git pull
  • merge a branch (including master) into your branch. NB: do NOT merge your branch into master unless authorized
git checkout otherbranch 
git pull
git checkout mybranch
git pull
git checkout mybranch
git merge otherbranch
  • see what the status is
git status
  • command line help
git status help
  • git browser (to see a graphical history of commits)
gitk --all

Please see the references below or many web resources for details on git concepts, commands and features. If you are going to commit anything, you must understand and follow the commit workflows.

Workflows for committing code

As the group of mu2e code developers grows at the same time that the need for a stable code base increases, individual code contributions may start to clash with other contributions, so we are using a "request to pull" procedure. In this procedure, the developer does code development on a git branch and commits that branch to the repository frequently. This branch does not affect other users, so it can be in any state the developer finds useful - it might not even compile. Once the developer believes the work is complete, they make a request to the Offline group heads to merge or "pull" the branch into the master branch. If the change is very simple or low-risk, the heads may ask the developer to go ahead and do that merge. If the change is large or complex, they may request additional documentation or testing before the pull. The branch should be prepared so it includes the head of the master branch, so it can be merged with "fast forward".

The procedure of developing on a branch, then requesting to merge is explained in detail on the git workflow page.

If a change is very small, or planned in advance, or urgent, the Offline group heads may allow the commit to follow the minor workflow which ends in a commit directly to the head of master.

Once the switch to GitHub is made, we will begin following the GitHub workflow.

Branch prompt

Many people work in a style where they are switching between branches frequently, and everyone does this switch at times. You can put the branch name in your prompt so you are unlikely to get confused about what branch you are on.

In .bash_profile:

parse_git_branch() {
    git branch 2> /dev/null | sed -e '/^[^*]/d' -e 's/* (.*)/(1)/'

export PS1="\h \w $(parse_git_branch) "

Finding deleted files

As a policy we have decided to not keep code that does not compile. Some code may be useful as examples or to revive an abandoned effort, so we should be able to recover them. Here are three methods:

  1. grep the release notes
  2. grep mystring ReleaseNotes/*/*
  3. if you know the file name, look at its history
  4. git log myfile
  5. search git history. The following git command will list every commit that contained the deletion of a a file and it will list the names of all files deleted in that commit:
  6. git log --diff-filter=D --summary and can be pipe do to grep

Once you find the file name, you can check it out based on the commit that deleted it.

git checkout <deleting_commit>^ -- <file_path>

If you are deleting non-trivial files, please note the full file paths in the releases notes.


One important piece of the mu2e offline code is the BTrk UPS product, which contains our Kalman track fit code, and is stored in the BTrk github repo.

All of the rest of the mu2e Offline code and tools are in Redmine repositories. You can browse all Redmine projects and mu2e Redmine. The mu2e Redmine has subprojects (and sub-subprojects) and each has a repository associated with them. For example in the Standalone subproject, there is a sub-subproject Mu2eCCFC. In addition, the main mu2e Offline repository has sub-repositories which can be seen on the right sidebar menu on the repository main page. An example is the dhtools sub-repo.

Here is a (possibly incomplete) list of the repositories.

content user name alias
p-mu2e_artdaq mu2e_artdaq
raw data format p-mu2e_artdaq mu2e_artdaq-core
F-C limit setting p-mu2eccfc mu2eccfc-mu2eccfc mu2eccfc.git
CI validation p-mu2e_ci mu2e_ci
p-mu2e-daq-firmware mu2e-daq-firmware
p-mu2e-daq-firmware mu2e-daq-firmware-dtc
p-mu2e-dcs mu2e-dcs
p-mu2e_detector_construction_db mu2e_detector_construction_db
p-mu2eextmontestdaq mu2eextmontestdaq
grid tools p-mu2egrid mu2egrid
Offline p-mu2eofflinesoftwaremu2eoffline mu2eofflinesoftwaremu2eoffline Offline.git
Jenkins p-mu2eofflinesoftwaremu2eoffline mu2eofflinesoftwaremu2eoffline-codetools codetools.git
data handling p-mu2eofflinesoftwaremu2eoffline mu2eofflinesoftwaremu2eoffline-dhtools dhtools.git
p-mu2eofflinesoftwaremu2eoffline mu2eofflinesoftwaremu2eoffline-geomdisplay geomdisplay.git
satellite releases p-mu2eofflinesoftwaremu2eoffline mu2eofflinesoftwaremu2eoffline-satellite
gridexport product p-mu2eofflinesoftwaremu2eoffline mu2eofflinesoftwaremu2eoffline-gridexport gridexport.git
p-mu2eofflinesoftwaremu2eoffline mu2eofflinesoftwaremu2eoffline-test
obsolete p-mu2eofflinesoftwaremu2eoffline mu2eofflinesoftwaremu2eoffline-validation validation.git
Stntuple framework p-mu2eofflinesoftwarestntuple mu2eofflinesoftwarestntuple Stntuple.git
p-mu2eofflinesoftwareuser mu2eofflinesoftwareuser-betasource betasource.git
p-mu2eofflinesoftwareuser mu2eofflinesoftwareuser-example01 example01.git
p-mu2eofflinesoftwareuser mu2eofflinesoftwareuser-streamline
p-mu2epbarmodels mu2epbarmodels
p-mu2epbaridanalysis mu2epbaridanalysis
p-mu2e-raw-data mu2e-raw-data
p-mu2e-simulations mu2e-simulations
p-mu2estat mu2estat
p-mu2e-tools mu2e-tools-bintools mu2ebintools
FileTools p-mu2e-tools mu2e-tools-filetools mu2efiletools
FileTools p-mu2e-tools mu2e-tools-mu2efilename mu2efilename
generate_fcl p-mu2e-tools mu2e-tools-tools mu2etools

Creating a Redmine subproject is done by the "add subproject" button on the Redmine project web page. This is probably more appropriate for a project not closely associated with the Offline. Creating a sub-repository associated to the main offline repo is explained in the mu2e instructions and SCD instructions. This is probably more appropriate for a project closely associated with the Offline. Write privileges to each repository can be controlled by the .k5login contents of each group username associated with the repo - note that this file should be edited by the Redmine project web page (settings->members), not directly. The login to the group account is controlled by the .admin file.

A git repository is accessed through a url and the url can be read-only or read/write, which allows commits back to the repo. Taking values from the table of Redmine repos above, a repo without an alias will have read-only and read/write urls:

and if it has an alias:

A good view of all repositories can be found by logging is as one of the user names where you have write permissions:


The projects can be seen

cd /cvs/projects
ls -l | grep mu2e

there is one directory per repository and the username can be seen as the owner of the repository directory. If the repository has an alias, it will appear as a subdirectory or a circular link under


The .k5login file for a repository is



GitHub is a commercial git repository host currently owned by Microsoft. GitHub allows anyone to create an account, allows anyone to create a repository, and allows academic and public research institutions to create private repositories. Mu2e is migrating our Offline code repository host to GitHub, which will occur simultaneously with implementing the Mu2e software policy. Mu2e will also use GitHub to host code for analysis in private repositories.

The GitHub workflow is described in GitHubWorkflow